Bone mineral density in people of different diet and exercise history by using peripheral-dexa (p-dexa) scan
Dr Suman Budihal
We conducted a study to detect BMDÂ in adults of Â veg and non-veg diet and exercising and nonexercising history by using heel dexa technique. Methods:We screened 173 total patients who attended a medical health camp conducted in Southern Karnataka. Their age ranged from 20Â to 80 years. They were asked for dietary habits and exercise history before testing for heel bone mineral density using p-dexa technique. WHO equivalent for heel BMD were used to classify patients based on their t-score. Osteoporosis was considered when t - score was less than - 1.6. Osteopenia, when t-score was between -0.6 to -1.6. T-score above -0.6 was considered as normal. Statistical analysis was done using chi square test for data in frequency and percentages Results: 89 out of 173 patients were exercising and remaining 104 not exercising. 32 individuals were consuming vegetarian diet and remaining 141 mixed diet.Subjects with history of exercise had mean BMD of 0.48gm/cm2 and subjects withoutÂ history of exercise wereÂ having mean BMD of 0.465gm/cm2Â Thus exercisingÂ subjects hadÂ moreÂ bone mineral density when compared to non exercising individuals butÂ not statistically significant. Vegetarians Â had mean BMD of 0.46 gm/cm2 and people having mixed diet had mean BMD of 0.48gm/cm2Â confirming more bone mineral density in non vegetariansÂ when compared to vegetarians but not statistically significant
Conclusion: Our data suggests that P-dexa is a useful technique in detecting and comparing Bone mineral density in exercising ,non exercising peopleÂ and in vegetarians and nonvegetarians.
A Case Studyon the perceptions of local community in Varkala beach towards Social, Environmental and Economic impacts of Tourism
Community based tourism is a form of tourism in which the tourism activities directly or indirectly benefit the local communities. The community members are involved asdaily workers, entrepreneurs, hotel employees, freelance sales agent, and other travel related businesses. It enables to tourist to discover local habitats and wildlife, celebrate and respect traditional cultures, rituals and wisdom. In order for any destination to effectively develop, it is important for both the tourists as well as the local community to be involved and have a positive outlook towards its impacts. This study aims to explore the general perceptions of the local communities towards social, environmental and economic impacts of tourism. The setting for this study is in the coastal town of Varkala in the state of Kerala, India. This beach destination was chosen due to active involvement of community members in tourism. Besides, tourism growth is estimated to grow significantly in the coming years. An interview schedule and observation schedule was used for data collection. The interview schedule was used to determine the perceptions of the community members involved in tourism whereas, the observation schedule was for observing the type and activities of community members involved. The responses and observations were analyzed and cross checked with secondary data. The interpretations are presented to coverthree prime areas- Environment, Economic and Socio cultural areas. The results indicated that community members arebenefitting from tourism and are working for the growth of it. They also fear that increase in competition will affect their incomebut believe that with the help of the state government and other regional organizations, their share will be substantial in the long run. Tourism is growing in Varkala and the growth, if managed on a controlled way will go a long way in the sustainable development of the community
EFFECTS OF WATER SOLUBLE FRACTIONS FROM PARTS OF Balanitesaegyptiaca (DESERT DATE) ON GROWTH AND SURVIVAL OF Clariasgariepinus (Burchell, 1822) JUVENILES IN A STATIC CULTURE SYSTEM
Elisha, D.S 1Ladu, B.M.B. Joshua, D.Z,Isa U
The effects of sub-lethal concentrations of water soluble fractions (WSF) of Balanitesaegyptiaca on growth, survival rate and some physiological responses of Clariasgariepinus juveniles were investigated for four weeks under laboratory conditions at the Biology laboratory, Adamawa state college of Education Hong to determine the reliable and adequate scientific data and information for the protection of adequate environment. The concentrations of WSF used were 0.03ml/l, 0.05ml/l, 0.06ml/l and 0.08ml/l respectively, and the exposure period lasted for 24hours. Results showed that the water soluble fraction led to significant reduction in growth of fish and mean weight gain were all negative after the exposure period. Fish exposed to WSF exhibited great loss as many died compared to control group. There was marked depletion in feed conversion ratio and condition factors of the exposed fish compared to the controlled group.
Key words: Water Soluble Fractions, Balanitesaegyptiaca,Clariasgariepinus, Juveniles, Static Culture System
Platelets play a key role in both hemostasis and thrombosis. The accurate measurement of platelet count is critical for not only identifying patients withÂ platelet dysfunction Â but is becoming increasingly important for the monitoring of modern antiplatelet therapy. Macrothrombocytopenia, a combination of thrombocytopenia and giant platelets, can occur in a number of diseases, including chronic immune thrombocytopenia purpura and inherited giant platelet disorders. It is present in at least 12 inherited syndromes as well as in some acquired immune-mediated and hematological disorders .We report study of our apparently Normal Kashmiri Population having variation of automated and manual platelet count which were asymptomatic without any significant bleeding history in their families. In present study, 500 samples of blood were collected from apparently Normal kashmiriÂ PopulationÂ and were processed by automated analyzer (Sysmex XT-2000i) and Manual Platelet Counting (Neubauer chamber). Multiple comparisons were done between theÂ Automated and Manual method. The result demonstrated variation in platelet count between automated analyzer and Manual Platelet Counting.The mean value of platelet count estimated by automated analyzer was found to be 126.40 x 103/Âµl (Range : 47.0-394.0 x 103/Âµl) while the mean value of platelet count estimated by manual method was 139.06 x 103/Âµl (Range : 60.0-390.0 x 103/Âµl) and was found to be statistically significant (p<0.0001).Similarly,Â theÂ meanÂ valueÂ ofÂ Â plateletÂ countÂ estimatedÂ byÂ Â automated analyzerÂ inÂ malesÂ andÂ femalesÂ wasÂ foundÂ toÂ beÂ 125.64 x 103/Âµl (Range : 47-394 x 103/Âµl) and 152.93 x 103/Âµl (Range : 84-223 x 103/Âµ) respectively. During analysis it was found thatÂ platelet count by manual method is higher as compared to the automated method in our laboratory.